Ulcerative gingivitis- also called 'trench mouth'- is a severe infection in the gums of the mouth. Characterized by pain and bleeding in the gums, as well as the development of ulcers, trench mouth can cause a plethora of serious complications beyond general poor dental hygiene. The mouth naturally hosts a balance of 'good' bacteria, viruses, and fungi, but when proper hygienic practices are not followed, harmful bacteria are given the right environment and space to grow. Trench mouth is considered to be one of the most rapidly progressive forms of gingivitis, and it is plagued by a variety of symptoms. If you notice any of the following, seek out consultation at Your Dental Office in Toronto, or Etobicoke.
Recognizing the symptoms of trench mouth will enable patients to seek out treatment quicker, possibly preventing further complications. Symptoms of trench mouth are similar to those of gingivitis- they just progress and worsen much more quickly. Bad breath and/or a bad taste in the mouth is usually the first indication of infection. The gums will also begin to swell and/or bleed as an extreme response to mild irritation, such as after brushing teeth or flossing. Crater-like ulcers may also develop. Some patients may even experience fatigue and fever, if the infection has progressed far enough.
Trench mouth is caused by an infection as a result of poor oral hygiene. The name comes from World War I, when soldiers in the trenches lived in unsanitary conditions that were not conducive to practicing efficient oral health. Poor nutrition, smoking, stress, diabetes, and a weakened immune system are also known causes of the development of this disease. When there is an overabundance of harmful bacteria present in the mouth, people are more at risk of developing an advanced infection.
Trench mouth is usually easily diagnosed with a routine oral exam. Antibiotics, pain relieving medication, proper oral hygiene practices moving forward, and professional intervention by a hygienists or dentist will be necessary to kickstart treatment and stop the spread of the infection. Visit Your Dental Office in Toronto, or Etobicoke today. Schedule an appointment to take back your oral health today.